Bahawalpur District (Punjabi,Urdu: ضلع بہاول پور) is one of the districts of Punjab, Pakistan. Its capital is the city of Bahawalpur. According to the 1998 Census of Pakistan it had a population of 2,433,091, of which 27.01% were urban. Bahawalpur district covers 24,830 km². Approximately two-thirds of the district (16,000 km²) is covered by the Cholistan Desert, which extends into the Thar Desert of India. The district is a major producer of cotton.
Located in the south of the Punjab province, Bahawalpur district is bordered by India to its south and southeast, Bahawalnagar to its northeast, Vehari, Lodhran and Multan to its north, Rahimyar Khan to its west, and Muzaffargarh to its northwest.